Recently Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg appeared before Congress to testify about what his company plans to do before future elections to not continue to be co-opted by foreign governments or other special groups trying to influence elections. On Monday, October 2, Facebook announced it has turned over the more than 3,000 ads linked to the Russia-tied Internet Research Agency to congressional investigators in the wake of the Cambridge-Analytica scandal. In a blog post, the social media giant also further detailed the steps it’s taking to ensure greater transparency and authenticity of ads on the platform.
One such step is to hire more than 1,000 people over the next year who will review ads. Facebook also plans to invest more in machine learning to better identify and take down ads that violate its policies.
Last week, Facebook general counsel Colin Stretch announced the social media giant would release 3,000 Russia-linked political ads to the House and Senate Intelligence Committees, after previously refusing to do so due to cited privacy concerns.
This followed the revelation that at least 470 fake Pages and accounts were identified by Facebook to have spent approximately $100,000 on promoted ads from 2015 to 2016. According to The Washington Post, at least some of these accounts were linked to the Internet Research Agency, a so-called “troll farm,” operated out of Russia. The influencers gave innocent-seeming psychological quizzes then targeted profiles they created on sensitive social issues such as homosexuality policies with negative press on issue linked to Hillary Clinton and positive information linked to the election winner, Donald Trump.
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, who previously called the notion that fake news on Facebook influenced the election a “pretty crazy idea,” released a video last week outlining “the steps [Facebook is] taking to protect election integrity.” In this piece, we’ll lay out we know so far, what Facebook has promised to do in the future to ensure the integrity of elections around the world, and what questions we still don’t have the answers to. As technology becomes more sophisticated at targeting the preferences of consumers, this issue will continue to be a challenge.
On September 6, Facebook Chief Security Officer Alex Stamos revealed the company’s findings: 470 Pages and accounts that purchased $100,000-worth of ads were “affiliated with one another and likely operated out of Russia.”
Stamos also noted that another $50,000-worth of ads were purchased by “accounts with US IP addresses but with the language set to Russian,” which “didn’t necessarily violate any policy or law” but raised red flags in hindsight.
The New York Times recently detailed how some fake accounts came to be, and the information – or, misinformation – they spread. One profiled account was for a Melvin Redick, ”of Harrisburg, Pa, a friendly-looking American with a backward baseball cap and a young daughter,” someone it seems doesn’t exist. This account, as with others like it, were used to spread divisive messages and start trending topics through promoted advertisements.
At the time, in 2016, Facebook used a self-service advertising interface that lets users promote posts without any employee oversight. Only major ad campaigns from companies receive human attention. “Individual” users working en masse avoid this problem. Only after the election, Schrange claims, did Facebook notice some auto-approved ads due to the large number and scope involved might be “problematic.” If you have questions about Intellectual Property Law or Internet issues, call an attorney, like an intellectual property lawyer Naperville, IL trusts, today.
Thanks to our friends and contributors from The Law Offices of Konrad Sherinian for their insight into intellectual property and the Facebook/Russia scandal.
There are many situations that could occur in which a government entity or employee may be the cause of your injuries. For instance, your car may get hit by a city bus or you may fall at the DMV. While you may be entitled to compensation and the government may be liable for your injuries, there are strict guidelines and rules you will need to abide by when suing the government. If you have been involved in an accident or injury that is involved with the government, it is important to have someone on your side who understands the strict regulations that come with these cases. Our lawyers understand the complexities of personal injury cases involving the government and will work to ensure every guideline is followed correctly. Do not hesitate to contact an experienced personal injury lawyer Miami, FL relies on to ensure you are taking proper steps.
How is “Government” Defined in a Personal Injury Lawsuit
It is important to first determine if the government was responsible for your injuries and if it was, which specific government entity should be included in your personal injury lawsuit as a defendant. If an employee works for a state, municipal, local, or federal government and is performing their duties while the accident or injury takes place, they are considered part of the “government” in terms of a personal injury lawsuit.
For instance, if you are rear-ended by a police officer’s vehicle while they are performing their duties, they are considered government. You will need to follow the state-specific guidelines when you sue for your personal injury damages. However, if on your way home from work you get into an accident with a United States Postal Service clerk also on her way home, she is not performing her work duties and is not considered government at that point. If you decided to file a personal injury lawsuit, it would be a regular lawsuit rather than a government lawsuit.
Notice of Claim
One regulation related to suing the government, is that you will need to file a notice of claim before you can file a lawsuit in court. These requirements will differ depending on which state you are in. However, it is usually between one and three pages and you will have to explain that you have a claim against specific employees of the government or government entities. This will also have to lay out the facts around your injuries and state each cause of action that is against the government.
The reason behind providing a notice of claim is to allow the government some time to investigate your claims against a person or entity. During this time period, you may be contacted to discuss your claims with the government. In some instances, the government may prefer to settle your case without going to court. Most of the time, however, the government will deny your claim and once the notice of claim period ends, you will need to bring a lawsuit after them.
Many states have strict time limits if you are bringing a claim against the government. It is important to find out the time restraint on the claim because if you do not send the notice of claim in the appropriate time period, you will not be able to bring any personal injury lawsuits against the government in the future relating to your injuries.
Thank you to the Needle & Ellenberg, P.A for providing their insight and knowledge on personal injury.
One of the most common victims of slip and fall accidents are tenants who are injured at the place they call home. When a tenant is injured, the question is how much responsibility does the landlord have for the accident and for the damages and losses the tenant suffers because of the injuries they suffer in the fall.
What types of slip and fall accidents do tenants sustain?
A slip and fall accident can happen in a multitude of ways, but there are certain types of tenant injuries that slip and fall accident attorneys see frequently. These include:
- Parking lots and sidewalks
- Poor lighting
- Snow and ice removal
What types of injuries do tenants suffer from slip and fall accidents?
Many tenant victims of slip and fall accidents require treatment and recovery for the following types of injuries:
- Back injuries
- Brain injuries
- Fractured ankles and writs
- Knee injuries
- Pulled muscles
- Shattered collarbones
- Skull fractures
- Spinal cord injuries
- Stretched ligaments and tendons
- Tailbone bruises and fractures
How is a landlord responsible for a slip and fall accident?
A landlord owes a duty of care to their tenants, which means they are responsible for properly maintaining the property the tenant is renting, as well as promptly repairing any issues that that come up. This not only applies to the inside of the property in the areas the tenant lives in, but also applies to common areas of the property, such as stairways, hallways, lobbies, and elevators. This responsibility also covers the outside of the property, including parking lots, driveways, sidewalks, pool areas, and yards.
If a tenant is injured in a slip and fall accident and retains an attorney to pursue damages for those injuries, the attorney will look at the following to determine if the landlord was negligent in the accident:
- Did the landlord or one of their representatives/employees create the hazardous condition?
- Did the landlord know the hazardous condition or should have known the hazardous condition existed?
- Did the landlord ignore the hazardous condition for an extended period of time?
When isn’t the landlord responsible for the injury?
If the tenant has a lease with the landlord and the lease states that there are areas that the tenant is responsible for, then there is a possibility the landlord would not be responsible for the slip and fall accident. For example, let’s say the lease specifically states that the tenant is responsible for all snow and ice and removal on stairs, walkways, and the driveway. The tenant fails to remove the ice that has built up on the outside stairs. He falls and breaks his hip, leaving him unable to work at his construction job while the hip heals.
Because the lease states that the tenant was responsible for ice removal, he likely would not have a claim against the landlord and would be responsible for his own medical bills and could not pursue loss on income damages.
If that same tenant and landlord had a lease that stated the landlord was responsible for all snow and ice removal and the tenant fell and fractured his hip, he would likely have a strong personal injury case against the landlord. If you have any personal questions, do not hesitate to contact an experienced slip and fall lawyer Minneapolis MN trusts to ensure you get proper guidance.
Thank you to Johnston Martineau PLLP providing their insight on slip and fall accidents.
The answer to that question is something called the statute of limitations. Every state and the federal courts have one. Typically, the statute of limitations controls how long people have to file a negligence or other legal claim. Like many other areas of the law, the statute of limitations is a balancing act. Tortfeasors (negligent actors) should not have to look over their shoulders in fear of a lawsuit for the rest of their lives. Likewise, victims should have ample time to realize the extent of their injuries, attach a cause to their damages, and collect evidence to support their positions.
The line must be drawn somewhere, and most states draw the line at different places and in different ways.
Limitation of Actions
In most states, the statute of limitations for most negligence cases is two years. That includes claims such as slip-and-fall injuries, car crashes, and dog bites.
However, this is only a rule of thumb and the rules vary significantly. Sometimes, the rules vary within the same state. For example, Georgia’s negligence statute of limitations is usually two years. But if the tortfeasor was a government employee, special rules may apply under the Georgia Tort Claims Act. The statute of limitations can be as short as one year in these cases.
Statutes of Repose
The rules also vary depending on the type of negligence. The statute of limitations usually begins running on the date of injury. But if a defective or dangerous product hurt or killed the victim, some states use a statute of repose. Unlike the SOL, the SOR begins running on the date the victim purchased the product. For this reason, the statute of repose is usually much longer than the statute of limitations.
Things get even more complicated when the injury is a serious illness, such as cancer, as opposed to a broken bone or other trauma injury. It is often several years, or even several decades, before symptoms appear and the victim connects the illness with a tortious act.
It’s very important to know the rules, and it’s even more important to partner with a personal injury lawyer who knows those rules.